The reality of the EU’s paralysis comes after the celebrations of the weekend.
Following the pro-EU 60th anniversary celebration on Sunday, reality emerged again on Monday to remind us that it will not be easy to overcome the institutional and project crisis in which the Union is located. The Commission has had to acknowledge the failure of the distribution plan approved two years ago as an emergency solution to the refugee crisis. The compromise was already very ambitious: to relocate just 160,000 of the 1.2 million refugees who had arrived in Europe. But even that limited goal will not be fulfilled.
So far only 13,546 have been distributed and with the ongoing procedures, at most another 26,000 will be relocated, which gives a compliance rate of 25%. It is a complete failure because of the lack of collaboration of the countries – Spain stands out among the most remiss – and the inability of the EU itself to enforce its commitments. The impotence with which Europe recognizes now that it will not be able to apply the program becomes a bad omen on its capacity to face the rest of crisis that crosses. Meanwhile, the situation is worsening at times in the two countries that concentrate the greatest pressure of asylum seekers, Italy and Greece, and especially in the latter, where 62,000 refugees live in ill-equipped camps awaiting resolution of their situation . It is true that since the signing of the agreement with Turkey a year ago, to seal its border with Europe has reduced the number of arrivals. But these are still higher than the number of departures, so that the problem in the country most punished by the EU economic crisis continues to worsen. The islands of the Aegean have become a limbo in which thousands of refugees are trapped. It is true that after the agreement with Turkey, fewer migrants have died in the Aegean (some 70 compared to 1,100 a year earlier), but in the central part of the Mediterranean, waves now reaching from Libya and the African coast have left 4,579 casualties . The EU remains unable to take action, either on the causes of the refugee crisis or on the consequences. Without a common asylum policy, it depends on an agreement that Erdogan can administer at his convenience.